Want all the vocabulary of the lesson ?
Just like in English, some words get cut down in everyday French!
Let’s see how you can get to understand the most common ones – so you can better speak and understand spoken French.
1) Cutting words: le p’tit-dej bio
Le petit-déjeuner (= breakfast) is often pronounced “le p’tit-dej”.
Often, the “e” gets cut in everyday spoken French.
Like “petit” (= small) being pronounced “p’tit” (with a silent final “t” and no “e”.)
We cut the end of the long word “déjeuner” (= a lunch, or a meal), and it makes “dèj.”
And if you’re having breakfast with only organic products, it becomes un p’tit dèj bio. In stores and labels, bio is short for “issu de l’agriculture biologique” (= comes from organic farming and practices, that didn’t use pest control chemicals. = organic.)
2) Cutting words: Other common nouns
- Une publicité (= an advertisement) → une pub (= an ad)
- La télévision → La télé (= TV, telly)
- Un professeur → Un prof (= a teacher)
- Le restaurant → Le resto / Le restau (= a restaurant)
- L’après-midi → L’aprem (= the afternoon)
- Un réfrigérateur / un Frigidaire (= a refrigerator) → Un frigo (= a fridge)
- Un appartement → Un appart (= a flat – with a “t” sound at the end!)
– Yes, une pub in French is an ad, and a feminine noun. It’s not un bar (= “a pub”) at all !
– Après-midi is a fun word; it can be masculine or feminine. Un après-midi and une après-midi are both correct!
– Un Frigidaire is technically a brand name, but it’s often used as a general noun for fridges anyway.
3) Cutting words: Test yourself with sentences
Here are three French sentences. ? What would be their “not-cut” version?
What do they mean?
- J’ai vu une publicité à la télévision.
- On se voit au restaurant cet après-midi ?
- Il a un bon appartement.
Answers: (Do take the time to try out finding them yourself first!)
- J’ai vu une pub à la télé. → I saw an ad on TV.
- On se voit au resto cet aprem ? → Shall we meet at the restaurant this afternoon?
- Il a un bon appart. → He’s got a nice flat.
4) Cutting words: Expressions
Some everyday expressions also get shortened, in fast, informal spoken French!
- Il y a (= there is) → “Ya”
- Bon appétit ! (= Enjoy your meal) → “Bon app’!”
- Comme d’habitude (= As usual, as per usual) → “Comme d’hab”
- À tout à l’heure. (= See you later) → “À toute.”
- À plus tard. (= See you later) → “À plus !”
And now you can use and understand everyday shortcuts for French words ! Congrats! 🎉🎉🎉
Dive deeper into:
- French Grammar: How to say “Plus”
- French Grammar: 5 Easy Expressions the French use (and you can too)
- Spoken French Essentials: Cutting the “e”
À tout de suite.
I’ll see you in the next video!
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